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Full search options are on the right side and top of the page. Biography Aristotle was born at Stageira, a sea-port town of some little importance in the district of Chalcidice, in the first year of the 99th Olympiad.
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Suidas, s. His mother, Phaestis or Phaestiaswas descended from a Chalcidian family Dionys. His father, who was a man of scientific culture, soon introduced his son at the court of the king of Macedonia in Pella, where at an early age he became acquainted with the son of Amyntas II.
The studies and occupation of his father account for the early inclination manifested by Aristotle for the investigation of nature, an inclination which is perceived throughout his whole life. This friend of his father provided conscientiously for the education of the young orphan, and secured for himself a lasting remembrance in the heart of his grateful pupil.
Afterwards, when his foster-parents died, leaving a son, Nicanor, Aristotle adopted him, and gave him his only daughter, Pythias, in marriage. After the completion of his seventeenth year, his ardent yearning after knowledge led him to Athens, the mother-city of Hellenic culture.
Various calumnious reports respecting Aristotle's youthful days, which the hatred and envy of the schools invented, and gossiping anecdote-mongers spread abroad Athen.
Хедрон открыл рот, пытаясь протестовать, но прежде чем он успел сказать хоть что-либо, Элвин вошел внутрь. Он обернулся к Хедрону, стоявшему в еле различимом прямоугольнике двери, и на секунду воцарилась напряженная тишина. Оба выжидали, не решаясь заговорить Решение было принято за .
Appuleius, Apol. Oudendorp to the effect that he squandered his hereditary property in a course of dissipation, and was compelled to seek a subsistence first as a soldier, then as a drug-seller φαρμακοπώληςhave been already amply refuted by the ancients themselves. Aristocles, apud Euseb.
When Aristotle arrived at Athens, Plato had just set out upon his Sicilian journey, from which he did not return for three years.
This intervening time was employed by Aristotle in preparing himself to be a worthy disciple of the great teacher. His hereditary fortune, which, according to all appearance, was considerable, not merely relieved him from anxiety about the means of subsistence, but enabled him also to support the expense which the purchase of books at that time rendered necessary.
He studied the works of the earlier as well as of the contemporary philosophers with indefatigable zeal, and at the same time sought for information and instruction in intercourse with such followers of Socrates and Plato as were living at Athens, among whom we may mention Heracleides Ponticus.
So aspiring a mind could not long remain concealed from the observation of Plato, who soon distinguished him above all his other disciples.
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He named him, on account of his restless industry and his untiring investigations after truth and knowledge, the intellect of his school νοῦς τῆς διατριβῆςPhilopon. Mundi adv. Proclum, 6. And while he recommended the latter "to sacrifice to the Graces," he appears rather to have warned Aristotle against the " too much.
During the whole of this period the good understanding which subsisted between teacher and scholar continued.
For the stories of the disrespect and ingratitude of the latter towards the former are nothing but calumnies invented by his enemies, of whom, according to the expression of Themistius Orat. Nevertheless, we can easily believe, that between two men who were engaged in the same pursuits, and were at the same time in some respects of opposite characters, collisions might now and then occur, and that the youthful Aristotle, possessed as he was of a vigorous and aspiring mind, and having possibly a presentiment that he was called to be the founder of a new epoch in thought and knowledge, may have appeared to many to have sometimes entered the lists against his grey-headed teacher with too much impetuosity.
But with all that, the position in which they stood to each other was, and continued to be, worthy of both. This is not only proved by the character of each, which we know from other sources, but is also confirmed by the truly amiable manner and affectionate reverence with which Aristotle conducts his controversies with his teacher. In particular, we may notice a passage in the Nicomachean Ethics 1. According to a notice by Olympiodorus in his commentary on Plato's GorgiasAristotle even wrote a biographical λόγος ἐγκωμιαστικός on his teacher.
See Cousin, Journ. Savans, Dec. During the last ten years of his first residence at Athens, Aristotle himself had already assembled around him a circle of scholars, among whom we may notice his friend Hermias, the dynast of the cities of Atarneus and Assos in Mysia.
The subjects of his lectures were not so much of a philosophical 2 as of a rhetorical and perhaps also of suchis suisse anti aging political kind. At least it is proved that Aristotle entered the lists of controversy against Isocrates, at that time the most distinguished teacher of rhetoric. Indeed, he appears to have opposed most decidedly all the earlier and contemporary theories of rhetoric.
His opposition to Isocrates, however, led to most important consequences, as it accounts for the bitter hatred suchis suisse anti aging was afterwards manifested towards Aristotle and his school by all the followers of Isocrates. It was the conflict of profound philosophical investigation with the superficiality of stylistic and rhetorical accomplishment; of systematic observation with shallow empiricism and prosaic insipidity; of which Isocrates might be looked upon as the principal representative, since he not only despised poetry, but held physics and mathematics to be illiberal studies, cared not to know anything about philosophy, and looked upon the accomplished man of the world and the clever rhetorician as the true philosophers.
On this occasion Aristotle published his first rhetorical writings.
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That during this time he continued to maintain his connexion with the Macedonian court, is intimated legjobb ránctalanító arckrém his going on an embassy to Philip of Macedonia on some business of the Athenians. Moreover, we have still the letter in which his royal friend announces to him the birth of his son Alexander. After the death of Plato, which occurred during the above-mentioned embassy of Aristotle B.
Perhaps he was offended by Plato's having appointed Speusippus as his successor in the Academy.
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At the same time, it is more probable that, after the notions of the ancient philosophers, he esteemed travels in foreign parts as a necessary completion of his education. Since the death of Plato, there had been no longer any ties to detain him at Athens.
Besides, the political horizon there had assumed a very different aspect.
The undertakings of Philip against Olynthus and most of the Greek cities of Chalcidice filled the Suchis suisse anti aging with hatred and anxiety. The native city of Aristotle met with the fate of many others, and was destroyed by Philip at the very time that Aristotle received an invitation from his former pupil, Hermias, who from being the confidential friend of a Bithynian dynast, Eubulus comp.
Pollux, 9. On his journey thither he was accompanied by his friend Xenocrates, the disciple of Plato. Suchis suisse anti aging, like his predecessor Eubulus, had taken part in the attempts made at that time by the Greeks in Asia to free themselves from the Persian dominion. Perhaps, therefore, the journey of Aristotle had even a political object, as it appears not unlikely that Hermias wished to avail himself not merely of his counsel, but of his good offices with Philip, in order to further his plans.
A few years, however, after the arrival of Aristotle, Hermias, through the suchis suisse anti aging of Mentor, a Grecian general in the Persian service, fell into the hands of the Persians, and, like his predecessor, lost his life. Aristotle himself escaped to Mytilene, whither his wife, Pythias, the adoptive daughter of the assassinated prince, accompanied him.
Suchis suisse anti aging poem on his unfortunate friend, which is still preserved, testifies the warm affection which he had felt for him. He afterwards caused a statue to be erected to his memory at Suchis suisse anti aging. He transferred to his adoptive daughter, Pythias, the almost enthusiastic attachment which he had entertained for his friend; and long after her death he directed in his will that her ashes should be placed beside his own.
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